A "spousal relationship" includes both marriage and a common-law relationship.
Generally, if you've lived with your partner for at least 2 years continuously, then the law will impose certain rights and obligations on you and your partner.
A person with family law issues may have questions such as:
The questions above typically translate into the following family law issues:
In most cases, the pertinent legislation are: the Divorce Act, the Family Law Act, the Child Family and Community Service Act, or the Federal Child Support Guidelines. Although not technically legislation, the Spousal Support Advisory Guidelines is also pertinent. In addition, the common-law principles and the rules of court apply.
Family law is not separate from other areas of law. For example, the law of estates, corporate law, the law of contracts, bankruptcy, and criminal law are often engaged in family law cases.
The judicial branch interprets the law. This enables flexibility so as to address the unique facts of your case. The art of advocacy is successfully present the facts of your case to the court and to opposing counsel so that a fair solution may be determined.
Resolving family law issues is all about effective negotiation. Litigation is the tool (e.g., obtaining financial disclosure or interim orders as a strategy) or "threat" hovering in the background (e.g., possible trial and associated expenses, stress, and penalty of costs) that enables effective negotiation.
Time in court is expensive and precious. The court system attempts to ensure that only the most contentious matters reach trial. As such, the Provincial Court and Supreme Court rules require settlement conferences to be conducted before scheduling trial dates (i.e.,"Family Case Conference" and "Judicial Case Conference").
Settlement meetings out of court are often useful provided both parties are desirous of reaching a solution. This is typically called "Alternative Dispute Resolution" and includes "Collaborative Law", "Mediation", "Arbitration", and "Negotiation".
The resolution of a family law dispute will usually result in the creation of a "Memorandum of Understanding", "Separation Agreement", or "Court Order". Depending on your aims, you might require a court order.
The art of negotiation is finding a solution to meet both parties' needs - the difficulty is that in many cases both parties' needs appear to be identical on the surface.
The art of advocacy is presenting the facts of your case to the court in a manner that is comprehensible and compelling.
For general information, we encourage you to visit the Chiu BC Family Lawyer Blog